The world witnessed economic growth and prosperity since the industrial revolution mainly due to increased e ciencies in the use of better and higher concentrations of energy in fossil fuels. The excessive usage has comparatively increased the consumption rate of fossil fuel over its production, resultantly impacting human life and modern technological society which currently is heavily dependent on oil as a fuel.
Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form of energy, such as using wind turbines to make electricity, wind mills for mechanical power, wind pumps for pumping water or drainage, or sails to propel ships. Wind energy corridor of Gharo with 60 km wide and 180 km long up to Hyderabad with average speed of 10 m/sec has huge potential to play a vital role in ensuring all-round development and growth of economy of a nation.
Solar energy source is widely distributed and abundantly available in Pakistan. With average 5.5-6 KWh/m2/day andabout1,800-2,200 kWh/m2 per year radiation, Sindh has tremendous potential of harnessing this natural resource to produce 0.320 to 0.400 MWh of electric ity per m2 per year. With annual mean sunshine duration of 8 – 8.5 hours a day, it is estimated that this amount of energy is enough to electrify 40,000 villages.
● Annual maintenance contractors ● Banks / financial institutions ● Batteries / charge controllers ● Data logger ● Distributors ● Grid infrastructure ● Grid optimization ● Grid management ● Emission monitoring systems ● Electrical test and measuring systems ● Funding agencies ● Hybrid systems ● Inverters ● Installers / EPC companies ● Information and communication technology ● Manufacturers of solar cells ● Manufacturing equipment vendors ● Materials and equipment ● Module connectors ● Monitor, mounting systems, trackers ● Project consultants ● Research institutions ● Photovoltaic (PV) modules ● Smart grid technologies ● Silicon feedstock, ingot and wafer manufacturing ● Screen printing and metallization equipments ● Solar cell manufacturers ● Consumer & commercial products ● Solar drying and desalination systems ● Software solutions ● Solar energy storage ● Solar LED's ● Solar street and billboard lighting systems ● Solar water heating, cooling systems and solar pumps ● Suppliers of raw materials ● Test and measurement equipment ● Trading and marketing services ● System integrators and assemblers ● Solar park developers ● Training establishments ● Turnkey solution providers, etc.